Wonderful trekking and tour destination in Nepal, You should travel during the Visit Year 2020.
Visit Nepal 2020 is going to promoting by the ministry of culture tourism and civil aviation of Nepal. This is the third times promoting visit Nepal organizations program. There were already organized this types of tourism related program VISIT NEPAL 1998 and VISIT TOURISM YEAR 2011. In 2020 Nepal Tourism Board and the ministry of culture tourism and civil aviation of Nepal going to organizing this Visit Nepal 2020. Why the Visit Nepal 2020? Why the government of Nepal and Nepal Tourism Board promoting visit Nepal 2020? Question may arise. Through this program Nepal Tourism Board promoting those places where the possibilities for the trekking and visiting for the tourists. He is going to search the new destinations for the Trekking, Hiking, Expedition, Mountaineering and for the tours.
Tourism is the main industry for economy factor of Nepal. From this industry the more people receiving the employment for surviving their life. From where some of the entrepreneurs are getting handsome income and they are providing good job for the Nepali peoples. In 1998 there were already organized “Visit Nepal 1998” program. During that year Nepal received about 463,684 tourists in Nepal form the different countries. Then after Nepal organized “Visit Tourism Year 2011” in 2011. During that visit year Nepal received about 598204 tourists. So every year in Nepal, increasing the number of visitors because of its beauty. Nepal is a small but naturally beautiful country itself. The total area of Nepal is 147181 Sq.km2. It is located middle of the two big country China to the North and India to the South.
To receive the more number of tourists is Nepal is the main objectives of Visit Nepal 2020. The government of Nepal and Nepal Tourism Board is hoping to receive the 2 million tourists in the special year of VISIT NEPAL 2020. Up to the 2018 in Nepal there are 1173072 tourists visited Nepal through land and via plane. So government of Nepal is managing and planning all the under construction works. He is renovating some of the World Heritage Sites which was cracked by the earthquake 2015. His main goal is to promote all the virgin land and holy sites in Nepal. Nepal is the country of multi cultural, ethnic group of people and languages. One can see and experience the life style of Nepali peoples and cultures of Nepal and also the traditional music, dance and food of Nepal.
Activities to do during the visiting Nepal 2020 program.
- Visit 10 UNESCO World Heritage Sites of Nepal.
- Major Trekking destination of Nepal.
- Visit 12 National park of Nepal.
- Cultures of Nepal.
- Food of Nepal.
- Earthquake in Nepal 2015
1) Visit 10 UNESCO World Heritage Sites Of Nepal.
World heritages sites are the glory of the nation. It helps to understand the history and culture of the nation. It introduce the cultures, architectures, arts, weather, flora and fauna, wild life and many more of the nation. In the world there are 1092 world heritage sites as of 2018 in 167 countries. Since the 1979 it was enlisted in UNESCO world heritage sites in Nepal. In Nepal there are 10 UNESCO World Heritage Sites among them 8 are culturally and 2 of them naturally. 7 world heritage sites are inside the Kathmandu valley and 3 world heritages sites are outside from the Kathmandu valley. Kathmandu Durbar Square, Patan Durbar Square, Bhaktapur Durbar Square, Swayambhunath(Monkey’s Temple), Bouddhanath Stupa, Pashupatinath and Changunarayan temple are the major sites of Kathmandu valley. Lumbini ( Birth place of the Sakyamuni Buddha) and Chitwan National Park are located to the west of Kathmandu valley. Sagarmatha National Park is located to the Eastern direction of Kathmandu.
Kathmandu Durbar Square/ Hanuman Dhoka durbar square
Kathmandu Durbar Square is one of the major world heritage sites of Nepal. It is most famous for the tourists for its history, unique arts, architectures and iconography. It is also called Hanumandhoka durbar square and Basantapur Durbar Square. Kathmandu is the capital city of Nepal. It is a city of temple or glory itself. Kathmandu is heart of the education, commercial sector and cultural part of Nepal. It is holy place for the both Hinduism and Buddhism devotees. Pashupatinath temple, Changunarayan Temple, Krishna Temple, Budhanilkantha Temple, Dakshinkali Temple, Guheswori temple, Bajrayogini temple of Sankhu and Different Binayak temple related to the Lord Ganesh are the most famaous and holy pilgrimage sites for the Hindu devotee. Bouddhanath Stupa, Swayambhunath and Kathesimpu are the most sacred place for the Buddhist devotees. Physically, Kathmandu valley is surrounding bye the 4 hills in every directions. Nagarkot from the Eastern, Shivapuri from the Northen, jamacho from the Western and Chandragiri hills and Phulchoki hills are surrounding bye the North south and Southern part. Name of Kathmandu valley derived from the temple Kasthamandap temple of Hanumandhoka durbar square.
Patan Durbar Square.
Patan Durbar square is one of the most importance world heritage sites of Nepal. It lies in Lalitpur district. The ancient name of Patan is Lalitpur, meaning city of beautiful or city of arts. It is city of beautiful and grace and it is situated on a circular format with Buddhist stupas at every of the four corner. It is 3 km to the south west from the Katkhmandu city across the Bagmati river. It is a centre of attractions of its durbar square monuments, Hindu temples and Buddhist monasteries. From the 3rd century.
Truly this ancient city is very old and full of arts and sculpture with a lots beautiful wood carving and stone iconography. In Kathmandu valley there are three unique Kingdome after the 15th century and every city they have unique three durbar square which is existence since the medieval time. Patan Durbar square is one of the important world heritage sites of Nepal which is full of arts and architectures. Patan is the center place for the both Hindu and Buddhist devotee. In this place there are more than 55 Hindu temple and 136 courtyards existence. According to the legends, in the patan city around the 3rd century the Indian emperor Ashoka visited this place and he built 4 buddhist stupa in each corner of the Patan city. Present days one can see those stupas which is built by him. From the 3rd century in this city there were starting the making the Buddhist monastery. From the 16th to 18th century this Patan durbar square was devolved by different malla kings. Shree Niwas Malla, Siddhinarasinha Malla, Yognarendra Malla and Shiva Singh Malla was the main Malla king from those kings was design or built this durbar ssquare.
Krishna Temple, Bhimsen Temple, Bangalamukhi temple, Kumbheswor mahadev Temple, Bishwonath temple are the most sacred and holy monuments related with the Hindu pantheon and Golden temple or( mahabihar), Maha bouddha Ratomachhindranath temple, and Rudra barna Mahabihar are the most significance sites for the bouddhist pantheon. According to the legends, Malla King Siddhinara Singh was the first king of the Patan Durbar square. He had hold a Royal crown at the ages of 12 years old. He was very powerfull and great devotee both Hindu and Buddhist God. In his reign period he built many temples among them Shikhara Style Krishna Temple, Taleju Bhawani temple most sacred. Later his son Shree niwas Malla dethroned him from his position in 1660. Shree niwas Mall also did the same development works same as his father. During his reign he had many reforms like making courtyards, temples. Similarly, he was also dethroned by his son Yog Narendra Mall. About him he was very Smokey person it means he used to consumed the more tobacco because of this habits his enemy add some poisons in his tobacco at Changunarayan Temple .He did not ruled the more years. Interestingly, he had 33 queens in his time but he had only one child. After then in Patan there were another kings, LokPrakash Malla, Indra Mall and Mahindra Malla but they ruled for short periods.
In Different time periods malla kings had expansion of the territories of Patan and they had reforms many sectors. Tejnara singh was the last king of the Patan. When the Shaha king Prithweenarayan Shaha attacked in Kathmandu valley at 1768 at that time Jaya Prakash Mall (Kathmandu) Tej nara singh Malla (Patan) and Ranajit Malla (Bhaktapur) were ruling in this city. In the Patan durbar Square complexes one can see the three courtyards Keshavnarayan Chok, Mul chok and sundari chok. In every courtyards one can see the beautiful collections of museum, temples and beautiful wood and stone carving things. One can chances to see the beautiful Royal palace which was used by the Siddhinara Singha Malla and his followers. In the sundari chok one can see the golden tap which is used in 17th century by the royal families which is still alive. Besides this outer part of the durbar square one can visit the central zoo of Nepal, Bungmati or Khokana one of the typical Newar village and one of the hiking destination Godawari to Phulcholi hills. Some of the monuments has been destroyed by the 2015 earthquake but now it is going to under constructions for the Visit Nepal 2020.
Bhaktapur Durbar Square
Bhaktapur Durbar square is one of the biggest UNESCO world heritage sites even if it is smallest district of Nepal. Bhaktapur means, the city of devotee. In ancient period its name was Bhadgaun. Before the 15th century it was a capital city of Kathmandu and it was the main city of Kathmandu. When the Malla king Yakshya Malla was died after then because of the conflict of the malla king, and greediness of the king and queens and their royal families it was separated in three Kingdome. During that time Yakshya Malla was ruling in this city, and at that time every things was operating normally but when he died his successor did not continued.
Ugrachandi and Ugrabhairav idols, the lion gate, the golden gate, the palace of 55 window, statue of bhupatindra Malla, Batsaladevi temple, the mini pashupati temple, Nyatapola temple(one of the tallest temple of Kathmandu), Bhairabhnath temple, Dattatreya temple, big bell are the most notable monuments of the Bhaktapur durbar square. In this square there re 4 main complexes or square among them, Bhaktapur durabar Square, taumadi square, Dattatreya square and pottery square. In each square they have unique arts and architectures which is existence since the 16th century. At potteary square one can see the live making clay pots and they are following the traditional pottery occupation for survival which is very famous for the tourist as a souvenir items from Nepal. In different centuries by the different malla kings had been reforms on the social, cultural, economics, and administrative sectors. So one can see the history of social, cultural, economics administrative since the 16th to 18th centuries.
Raya Malla, Naresh Malla, Jagatprakash Malla, Jitamitra Malla, Bhupatindra Malla and Ranajit Malla were the most notable malla kings who had been done a lots contributions and development of the Bhaktapur. Beautiful arts and sculptures are the glory of the nation. One can see the tallest temple Nyatapola Temple of Kathmandu valley in the Taumadi square. Which was built by the Malla king Bhupatindra Malla in 1702 A.D. Bhaktapur is also very famous for the yoghurt or curd ‘juju dhou’ king of curds. Out of the Bhaktapur durbar square there is one of the most famous hiking destination Nagarkot and Dhulikhel. Really it is very famous for the hiking, see the sunrise and sunset and also the beautiful panoramic views of the mountains from the hills. For the entrance fee foreigner has to pay $15 for a day at Bhaktapura Durbar Square.
Changunarayan temple is one of the most oldest and popular historical place of Nepal history. It was enlisted in 1997 in the UNESCO world heritage site of Nepal. It lies to the East of Kathmandu valley about 22 km an altitudes of 1540m form the sea level. Changunarayan temple was built during the 3rd century by Haridatta Verma. The temple is richly decorated with sculputure and carvings. It is two storey pagoda style temple which is consider as a oldest temple of Nepal. Changunarayan temple dedicate to the lord Bishnu one of the main God. Narayan is n another incarnation of the God Vishnu. At changunarayan temple one can see the historical stone pillar which was erected in 464 AD by lichchhavi king Mandev. There is describing the whole lichchhavi dynasty and the sorrowful conversation between the Mandev and his mother during the King Dharmadev was died. The main temple is dedicate to the Lord Bishnu oinsie the temple there is astatue of be headed Bishnu.
According to the legends, Bishnu had killed a Brahmin unknowingly while he was hunting in the forest so for the regret and the sage advised him for the get ride of sins and crime you will also kill by Brahmin in future. So it happened the same according to the sage. Legends tells that, once upon a time this place was big chap flowers forest. At that time there was a man namely Sudarshan used to live in this area. He had a cow, that cow used to give him the more milk. One day the cow stops giving milk to him in time. He surprised and about this condition. One day he decided to search the truth of it. One day he and his followers stayed a little far away while the cow was grazing. Suddenly, a black boy came to the near to the cow and he started to suckle the milk of cow. His suspicious came true then he became angry he beheaded him. When he cut him at once there was a voice came through the sky and they worried of their crime. Immediately, the victim turned into Lord Vishnu and thanked him and he said to the Brahmin don’t worry about this accident and thanked to the sage breaking to the curse he was bearing for killing a Brahmin man, so the lord Vishnu himself advised him to build the idol of Vishnu or Narayana under a chanp tree. So exactly the same spots where the Vishnu was beheaded now the Changunarayana temple is erecting. In ancient time, this place was full of champak forest so the the name of Changunarayan temple derived from the Champak tree.
In Changunarayan temple complex visitors can explore the Lichchhavi arts and architectures which is still alive. Inside the courtyard one can see the different god and goddess idols which was build after the 3rd century or 7th century. Historical stone pillor, Garuda, flying vehicles of the lord Vishnu, Statue of Bhupalendra malla and his wife, Kileswor temple, Chandra Narayan, Sridhar Vishnu, Chhinnamasta temple, Vishworup and narasingha(half man and half lion) are the main attraction in Changunarayan temple complex. Foreigners have to pay $3 for entering in this temple. From here one can understand the Nepali arts and cultures and local people traditions and cultures. Not only this one can do the hiking to the Nagarkot through the Telkot for a day.
Bouddhanah stupa is one of the oldestand biggest stupa in the world which is sacred and holy place for the Buddhist devotee which lies 7 km to the East from the Kathmandu valley. It is world heritage sites of Nepal. It is very important religious sites for the both Hindu and Buddhist devotee. It was built around the 7th century. The stupa is very rich in Buddhist arts and cultures of Mahayan and Bajrayan Buddhist. Present form is not the original which was built in 7th century it is a result of series of renovation and reconstruction in different periods. It is believed that the relics of Kasyap Buddha’s has been enshrined in the stupa because of its Bouddhanath stupa is sacred and holy. Every year all around the world the visitors are visiting the stupa. It’s 43 m height from the base and stupa build in the three layers plinths. This stupa is built as a shape of Mandala shape.
Bouddhanath stupa is basically it have dome part after the two pairs of eyes it is called Dome which represent the whole Universe which is the base of stupa. Two pairs of the Buddha eyes( peace and campassion), that is called harmika which can be seen in the four directions, which represent the 4 Noble truth of the Sakyamuni Buddha. The question marks between the two eyes represent the path to the heavens. After then, above the two pairs of Buddha eye there are thirteen 13 steps which represent the places necessary before the enlightment or Nirvana. Last and top of the stupa that is called pinnacle which represent the Mt. Sumeru the kings of mountains. Around the 1950 the Buddhist Rimpochhe Dalai Lama had visited this stupa and later his followers Tibetan monk and nuns are can be seen around the Bouddha stupa.
Bouddhanath stupa have another name also it is called Khasti chaitya, Jhyarung khasyor also. There are different sects are following the Buddhism so in this stupa also we can see the different sects are worshiping the Buddha. Gelukpa, Kargyuppa,Nigmapa and sakyapa sect are following the Buddhism. They have different ways to worship the God. According to the Buddhist legends, whatever the devotee offers as a result they can achieve the bless from the Bouddhanath stupa. The devotee offer to the God flowers, oil lamp, money, prayers flags, scenes, prayer wheel and many more and it is guaranteed for fulfilling the wishes.
Rounding the stupa early in the morning and evening touching the prayers wheels and different colors Buddhist flags listening the Buddhist chantra Om mani Padme hum is full of energy and peace of soul. One can get a chance to see the gimps of religious the both Hindu and Buddhist. Colorful prayers Buddhist flags, Prayers wheel, the splendid stupa, flying pigeons, monks and nuns, Ajima temple are the attraction of the Bouddhanath Stupa.
Pashupatinath temple is sacred and holy temple for the Hindu devotees and it is the center point for the Hindus. It is one of the most visited sacred place and one of the major pilgrimage world heritage site of Nepal. From all over the Nepal and India they visit Pashupatinath temple for pilgrimage purposes every year. The people who wants to understand the religious aspect, arts and architectures of Nepal. It is located about 5 km from the center point of the Thamel and 2 km from the Tribhuwan International airport. According to the religious scripture Lord Pashupatinath is worshiped as the protective deity of Hindu pantheon. It is most holy site in the world and in this temple complex one can see the about 500 Shiva temple, Hindu Gods and Goddess and more than 1000 stone Shiva lingam. Inside the main temple of Pashupatinathe temple there is statue of four faces Shiva Lingam of Shiva representing the different directions and aspects. Outer complex is decorated full of beautiful arts and architecture on the temple struts and different Gods and Goddess Idols. In front of the main temple one can see the big statue of the bull name Nandi vehicles of Lord Shiva and bid trident (weapon of Shiva). It is common features of Shiva temple in Nepal, in Shiva temple we can see the statue of Nandi or bull. It has been renovated and reconstruction in different periods so it has been touched or influenced by the different king of Nepal since the Malla periods. There is no any proof date when it was erected but according to the legends the main temple or Shiva lingam it was built during the Lichchhavi period by the king Supushpa Dev but present existing pagoda style temple was built later.
Only the Hindus devotee are allowed to enter the main temple complex non Hindus are strictly prohibited because of religious beliefs. Even only the assigned priest of Pashupatinath can touch the main idol of Shiva Lingam which is inside the main temple. Appearance of this temple there are many legends are associated so among them, cow legends, Devalaya legends, Lichchhavi Legends are the more popular origin of this temple. Myth said that, it was the place which was most like by the Lord Shiva and his concert Parwati. Many years ago it was called Sleshmantak ban or (the forest most like by the Gods) because of its natural beauty. In ancient time the God Shiva and his concert Parwati used to roaming here for the resting.
This is a place where one can see the live cremating activities at the corner of the Bagmati river which follow from the Eastern side of The Pathupatinath. There one may surprised because there is two types platform for cremation one is higher level and another is normal. One can see how they cremate in front of their eyes and they may think about the human being, life and death as well. Around this Pashupatinath complex, Vasukinath temple, Unmatta Bhairav temple, Surya Narayan temple, Kirtimukh Bhairav, Hanuman Shrine, 184 Shivalingam and statue of different kings who added some parts of the temple are the main attraction in the inner complex. Ram mandir, Virat swarup, temple, 12 jyotirlingam, 15 Shivalaya, Guheshwori temple are the most notable monuments outer complex of the Pashupatinath.
Swayambhunath Stupa / Monkey temple
Swayambhunath stupa is one of the famous pilgrimage sites for he both Hindu and Buddhist devotee from all over the world. It is situated atop of the hill overlooking the entire Kathmandu valley. To reach the swayambhunath one can to go through the Eastern marvel steps or from the western world peace pond. Many foreigners known it as a monkey temple. It was built during the 5th century Lichchhavi periods. I was originated itself or self sprung because of this reason it is called swayambhu. It is Buddhist affiliation but the visitors may surprise because of its formation because one can see there both small Hindu temple and Buddhist monuments. Harati temple consider as a protective deity of the the Buddhist pantheon so we can see the small pox of the Harati mata temple in every Buddhist stupa or chaitya. In this site one can explore the 5 meditation Buddha, Ananatapur, Pratappur,Agnipur, Shantipur temple, Basupur, Bayupur, Nagpur, and two monastery related to the bajrayan Buddhist.
When the visitors visit this stupa they feel how the origination of Kathmandu valley, and can knowledge about the Sakyamuni Buddha and his lessons. In this complex one can see the five meditation different Buddha or Panchdhyani Buddha. Every meditation Buddha they have different meanings and aspect. Amitabha Buddha, Amoghsiddhi, Akshobhya, Ratnasambhava and Bairochan Buddha can be seen on the main stupa in every corner. The stupa consist of a dome of the basement and above painted Buddha eyes looking four derections it represent the 4Noble truth of the Sakya muni Buddha. Walking and rounding the swayambhu stupa by touching the prayers wheel with the Buddhist chantra OM MANI PADME HUM may the wonderful moments for the day sightseeing in Kathmandu.
There are various legends upon the stupa of its origination parts but according to the swayambhu mythology, Once upon a time Kathmandu valley was a big lake so alots of aquatic creature used to dwell and many sage and saint used to bath for the purity. During that time once the great Bodhisatvas Vipaswi Buddha had visited this lake and planted a seeds of lotus and the time passed away later it was transferred into huge lotus flower with the divine petals. Time passed, once the great Bodhisatvas and Buddhist priest Maha Manjushree from the Tibet visited the lake and he thought make Kathmandu valley habitable so he made a gorge at Southern part of the Kathmandu valley after then all the water went out from the valley after then this valley became habitable and the divine lotus flower transferred into hillock and flowers became a stupa later the great saint Shantikacharya covered it for its safe. Later in different periods different kings added parts now existing stupa built later. Now this is very famous for the Kathmandu sightseeing tour allocation because of its legends.
World Heritages sites naturally
Chitwan National Park
Chitwan National Park is the first national park of Nepal it was established in 1973. It has been expansion in three district Chitwan, Nawalparasi and Makawanpur. In 1973 it was established as a Royal hunting place for the royal family of Nepal but later it has been transferred in national park of Nepal. It is expansion in 952 squarekm2 in the inner Tarai lowland an altitude of 200m from the sea level. It is located 175km from the Kathmandu valley to the west and to reach there one can via tourist bus or via domestic flight which is daily from the Kathmandu. At Chitwan national park one can explore the more activities like forest walking or jungle safari, local village tour, birds watching, visit elephant breeding center, see the live elephant bathing at Rapti river beach, canoeing, see Bengal tiger and one horn rhinoceros, and local Tharu people’s cultural program and arts are the main attractions of the Chitwan national park.
Chitwan national park is very famous to see the one horn Rhinoceros and Bengal tiger and many wild creatures. There one can see sloth beer, common leopards, wild water buffalo, bison and 5 species of deer during the jungle safari in chitwan national park. Not only this, one can see the different species of reptiles and birds up to the close at their journey. Participation at the fresh water in Rapti river for canoeing by seeing colorful natural wild mammals like crocodile, birds, snakes, deer and different species of vegetation are the paradise of Chitwan national park.
Sagarmatha National Park
Sagarmatha National Park is one of the naturally beautiful national park of Nepal it was established in 1976 and in 1979 enlisted in UNESCO’s world heritage sites and it has been expansion in 1148 sq.km2. It has been situated from 2780m to 5300m from the sea level which lies in Eastern Nepal and it is dominated by world tallest Mt. Everest 8848m which is glory of Nepal. It is a first national park of Nepal which is inscribe as natural national park of Nepal. Through this national park one can go for the trekking in the Everest base camp and many trekking route in the Everest regions. So it is the gateway to go the trekking and expedition for the mountaineering. Namche bazar is the official center of this national park from where one have to get information of this natural national park.
Sagarmatha national park is very famous for the highland national park and its beautiful land structures. In this national park one can chances to see the different species of mammals like; Himalayan That, musk deer, red panda, snow leopard, wild yak, gray wolf, golden jackal, and Himalayan black bear. 250 species of birds can be found in this national park among them red billed chough, blood pheasant, himalyan monal, tebetian snowcock are the common this national park. For the entry the foreigner have to pay $30 in this national park.
Lumbini (birth place of Gautam Buddha)
Lumbini is a holy place because of the birth place of Lord Sakyamuni Buddha because of its sacredness every day the visitor visiting the ancient city Kapilvastu. Beacause of its ancient arts and architectures it was enlisted in 1997. Lumbini is situated in Rupandehi district 300 km to the west of Kathmandu and 20km from the Gautam Buddha airport or one can go through the tourist bus. Lumbini is very famous for Buddhism from where the Buddhism was started. It is abode of peace and an ultimate pilgrimage to the Buddhist devotee and peace lovers from all over the world. Lord Sakyamuny Buddha was born in this place in 623 BC and thereafter a lots of works and excavation has been done to promote the Lumbini. One can visit the Lumbini to pay the homage to the Lord Sakyamuni Buddha and for the inner peace for their life. Because Lord sakyamuni Buddha passed his 29 year before the enlighten in his life.
Mayadevi temple, Lumbini garden and holy pond Puskarini pond are the most notable in this complex. Maya devi temple where the Sakyamuni Buddha was born. According to the legends, when the Mayadevi (his mother) was heading for the maternal home to the Devadaha through this pond and during the walking time she felt pangs of childbirth and she pause there finally she gave birth to Siddhartha Gautam. The visitor feeling greatness when they touch the first steps in the ground of Lumbini. Now Lumbini is developing than before because of its ancient civilizations, unique culture, tradition, and outstanding universal significance. In ancient time, this place was very famous with the name of Lumbini kannan, Lumbini vatika, Lumbini upaban and Lumbini chittalata bana. The Mayadevi temple, Marker stone, the nativity of sculpture, the Ashoka pillor, the sacred pond puskarini, world peace pagoda and the stupa and monastery complex are the most significance monuments sites in Lumbini. During the tour of Lumbini, interesting cultural tour at South of Mayadevi temple Lankapur, Punnihawa, Majahawa, Bhagawanpur and Padaria can be done.
To promoting spirituality, peace and contemplative value Lumbini offer plethora of opportunity for those who are interest to explore the cultures treasure value and natural splendors, for those who loves to the natural sites there one can see the inhabitans of crane(sarus) a kind of big birds in the world which can fly. About 250 species of birds can be found in this area and blue bull, python, Bengal tiger, wild cat and wild boar can be seen in this sites. For the entertainment one can see the Biraha cultural dance in Lumbini. It is not only famous for Buddhism site it is very famous for the different vegetations too. Sal (shorea robusta), Ashoka tree, mango tree, papal tree and for the crops rice, peas, golden gram, sesame are the very famous. Thus this is a very interesting and important travel destination in Nepal. If one want to follow the way of Buddha then once they must visit the sacred place Lumbini.
2. Major Trekking Destination in Nepal
Trekking is one of the major economy factor of developing the nation by the tourism activities in Nepal. It is very suitable place for the trekking, hiking, tour and travel, mountaineering, expedition and many activities. It have altitude variation because of it we have many options for travelling in Nepal. From the 67m to 8848m high altitude from the sea level which is one of the great glory of Nepal and that’s why it is very popular in the world with the country of mountains. Nepal is a land that made for trekking which is famous all over the world. Since the 1950 by the Colonel Jimmy Robert is the main person who started the trekking in Nepal. Later from the permission by (NTB) Nepal Tourism Board and (TAAN) Trekking Agencies Association of Nepal. After the 1950 there are many trekking route has been opened. Among them Everest region, Annapurna region, Lantang region, Dolpo region, Upper Mustang Rara lake, Dhaulagiri regions are the most popular trekking route in Nepal. Some of them some region are really expensive and some are low that depends on the land structure of Nepal. There are more choice to go trekking in Nepal because that depends on the fitness of the trekkers and their budget and time.
Trekking is the platform to see the beautiful mountains from the close and see the local people lifestyle and their cultures, traditional village and see the different flora and fauna. Ascending and descending in the beautiful landscape offer the fantastic memories to the trekkers. Walking in the snow path, through the green forest, rhododendron forest, sleepy way and along the side of the natural river, walking across the high and low pass can be the paradise for trekkers. Autumn season is the good season for the travel in Nepal. From the September to November is the best weather to see the panoramic views of the mountains. Spring is second season in Nepal for travel. More than 4000 trekking agencies selling their trekking packages in Nepal. Among them some travel agencies selling their tour packages in Kathmandu valley and some are selling their product in the remote area of Nepal for trekking and expedition.
Trekking in Far West Region
Trekking in far western region is one of the adventurous trek than other because of its landscape. It is far from the Kathmandu city but naturally it is really beautiful and hidden gems. Far western region is that place where there are no more tourist number than other regions. It is one of the untouched and unexplored region in Nepal. It is really beautiful with its rich in cultures and tradition, wonderful climates, ethnic group of people and its bio diversity aspects. In this region there is no more tourists like Annapurna regions and Everest region because of its land structure. Those who wants to love trekking in the open environment and less people in the route then that type people can go in this region. This region is a little less development than other part of the Nepal because of its landscape. Dodhar Chandani, Godawari, Mangalsen, Lamkichuha, Khaptad national park, Dhangadi, Suklaphanta national park, Madi malika, Kailash, surma taal (lake) and Mt. Saipal 7031m are the most popular place in this region.
Trekking in Rara National Park
Rara National park is one of the smallest national park and most beautiful place in Nepal naturally it is beautiful and it is located in the Mugu and Jumla district. It has been expansion about 106km and it was established in1976 to protect the flora and fauna of alpine and sub alpine eco system of Himalayan region. Rara lake is one of the beautiful lake in Nepal where one can see the fresh water surrounding by the green hills. According to the weather this can be change and where around the winter season one can see the lake is full cover by the snow and other season one can see the clean fresh water with the different species of the fishes. While we visit the Rara lake in first time then it would be beyond the imagination. No more pollutions, no more people, beautiful nature, different cultures and languages of the local people are the its unique feather of this place.
From the views of the development it is back from other place but it is very rich in its cultures, beautiful landscape, different vegetation, flora and fauna and for the wildlife. One can reach in this place by the domestic flight or by the motorable roads. Through the road one have to walk from the Nepalgunj to reach the Rara lake. For those who loves to trekking in the less noisy then Rara national park be the proper destination. It is far from the Kathmandu city but of course it would be the heaven for travelling in Rara national park.
Trekking in Dolpo Region
Dolpo is one of the major trekking destination in Nepal it is licated North west part of the Kathmandu city. There is not any direct road connection from the capital city of Nepal Kathmandu. There are two region for visiting the Dolpo one is Upper dolpo and another lower Dolpo region. Upper Dolpo is one of the untouched by everyone because it is high altitude deserts. Upper Dolpo is restriction for the trekking permits so one have to pay the certain fees because of its landscape the unique place. People from the Dolpo follows the Bon religious part of the Buddhism. They have their own unique cultures and traditional life style which is really different than other. Dolpo is very famous for the herbal medicine Yarsagumba, Shey-phoksundo lake, Mt Dhaulagiri, Kanjirowa and village in the high altitude. The Yarshagumba is one of the main source of income of this regions. Every year local and people from the other parts take part for collecting the Yarshagumba. It is saying that every herbal plant from the Himalayas is original than lower lands so Dolpo area is very suitable for Yarshagumba.
Beautiful landscape of the Dolpo regions attract to the trekkers visit the Dople region. The cultures, climates, traditions, food is unique from others. Trekking in the Dolpo is really hard but its full of amusement to see the places around the Dolpo. This place is suitable for those who want to travel in less crowed place. There are two types of trekking in this regions Upper Dolpo trekking and Lower Dolpo trekking. The visitors can explore the more activities in the Dolpo region than their imaginations. In fact, its long day trekking but it’s the more things to do in Dolpo region.
Trekking in Dhaulagiri Region
Trekking in the Dhaulagiri region is one of the great route in Nepal. Suitable weather and climates adding the more opportunities in this area. Dhaulagiri is sitiated in the West of Kathmandu valley and Pokhara city. The name of Dhaulagiri name after the Mt.Dhaularigiri 8167m 7th highest peak in the world after the Cho Oyu peak 8201m. In this trekking region it is very famous for its rich cultures and bio-diversity. There are 8 highest peak in Nepal among them Mt.Dhaulagiri is one highest peak which lies in this region. This regions is full of inhabitants of indigenous group of Magar people. One can see the cultures of Magars and their costumes, languages, dresses, food, traditions and many more. This region is very famous for the trekking and hunting place. Dhorpatan hunting reserve is only one hunting reserve in Nepal which lies in this region.
Muktinath temple, Mustang valley, Upper Mustang, Kaligandaki gorge(one of the deepest gorge in the world), Rupchhe waterfall and trekking in the Dhaulagiri circuits are major destinations in this regions. This is very famous for the pilgrimage tour also because the Muktinath temple is very important part of this region for the Both Hindu and Buddhist devotee since the long year. For those who have passionate for the hinting the animals then they can go Dhorpatan Hunting Reserve. In fact, they have to take authority t from the government of Nepal for going there and they can kill the animals whatever they permit from the department of the government of Nepal otherwise they can punishment for their mistakes. Since the 1950 it attempting for the expedition in Mt Dhaulagiri after the Mt.Everest but some are succeed unfortunately some are died during the expedition. It’s really challenging for climbing and expedition but its good to explore this region.
Trekking in Annapurna region
Trekking in Annapurna region is one of the best route in the world because of its weather, landscapes, peoples, mountains, passes and ascending and descending. Trekking in Annapurna region situated in the west of Kathmandu city. One ought to follow the Prithwi Highway one of the major highway of Nepal to reach the Annapurna region and normally this treks start from the Besisahar and ending at the second major city of Nepal Pokhara. Suitable weather and beautiful landscapes are the major attraction of this treks. Since the long time it’s very popular trekking route in Nepal. Everyone want to follow this trekking route in Nepal. The government of Nepal and Annapurna conservation area project are managing the Annapurna region trekking routes. Beautiful landscapes, Mt.Macchapucchre, Mt.Annapurna, Mt.LNilgiri, Dhaulagiri, Pisang peak, Manang valley, Mustang, Thorang la pass, Mustang valley, Marpha, Kaligandaki gorge,Mustang fort and one of the sacred pilgrimage site Muktinath temple are the major place of this trekking region. After this there are numerous place for the trekking and hiking destinations. Among them Ghorepani poonhill treks, Ghandruk treks, Poonhil treks, Annapurna base camp trek, Machhapuchhre base camp treks, Mardi himal treks and Annapurna circuit treks are major trekking destination around the Annapurna regions.
Different species of vegetations, different species of flora and fauna attract the visitors to scrolling around the Annapurna regions.
Trekking in Mustang
Trekking in Mustang is one of the adventure trekking activities in Nepal. Because of its landscape and weather it is very challenging trekking destination in Nepal. Because of its landscape and land formation its expansive too. Through the Pokhara one can take the flight or take a bus to reach there. Mustang fort is one of the rare place where one cannot see the everything without the permission of the government of Mustang because some of area still there are restriction where one have to take permission from the government of Nepal.
Unique culture of Mustang and beautiful landscape, history, weather, climates, peoples, monastery or chaitya, royal fort, Kali Gandaki gorge, geography, traditions and costume are the major attraction of this place. Where one can experience the different than other trekking region. In this region the people are following the Buddhist religions and it is related the bon tradition related with Tibetan cultures and costume. Visiting different Buddhist monastery and understanding the Buddhist cultures and tradition. The Kali gandaki gorge is one of the deepest gorge in the world and see the landscape around the Nilgiri and beach of the kaligandaki river is another attraction of this region. Muktinath temple is another important of this regions. Both Hindu and Buddhist devotee take part for worshiping the temple. According to the climates, it is less rainfall than other region all the year it remains drought only the snow. In this region Upper Mustang trek and lower Mustang treks are major trekking routes.
Trekking in Manaslu Region
Trekking in Manaslu region is one of the major trekking destination in Nepal. Which lies in the west from the capital city of Nepal Kathmandu. Normally it start from the Arughat through the Dhading district. Mt.Manaslu 8163m high altitude from the sea level which is one of the major among the above 8000m mountains in the world. Manaslu trekking routes offer many adventures activities to the trekkers. This trekking route start through the Budhi gndaki river and trekkeres have to pass throught the Larkya la pass which is 5106m from the sea level. The government of Nepal provide the permit to the trekkers after the 1956. The Manaslu conserving area has been building all the infrastructure and he has been receiving the tourist every year.
Rich culture, loyal local people, beautiful landscape, moderate climates, different flora and fauna, wild vegetations and other geographical parts are the main attraction of this trekking region. In this trekking region there are two types of trekking regions. T-sum valley treks and Manaslu treks are most popular trekking in this regions. Some of the place is really untouch bye the trekkers and this is less noisy trekking area. Manaslu Tsum valley treks, Manaslu circuit treks, and Manaslu treks are most popular in this regions.
Trekking in Langtang Regions
Trekking in Langtang region is one of the wonderful and luxurious trekking routes in Nepal. It is located in the North of Kathmandu city. It is one of the nearest trekking destination in Nepal than other trekking regions. Trekking in Langtang region is adventures and difficult both. There are more option to choose the treeking in this region because one can go Gosainkunda trek, Tamang heritage trial, Langtang valley trek and Helambu treks. According to the time span of the trekkers they can choose the trekking routes. If the trekkers are pilgrimage background then they can chose Gosainkunda treks because of its sacred lake Gosainkunda and its legends directly related to the Lord Shiva. In ancient time it was the trade route between the Tibet and India so it was popular since the mediaeval periods.
Tamang people are following the Tibetan Buddhism and they are one of the main ethnic tribe of the Himalayan region of Nepal. Their rich cultures, costume, tradition, dresses, ornaments and language are really unique from other regions. So these are the main attraction of this region. Not only this, Rasuwagadhi is another important historical parts of the trekking. In ancient time it was the Royal fort to protect from the Tibet. There was war between Nepal and Tibet so at that time Rasuwa gadhi was a Royal fort to protect the Northern part of the Nepal. Langtang valley, Gosainkunda treks, Gatlang homestay treks, Bridim home stay, helamnu treks, Kyanjin Gompa, Nagthali, are the major place to see and it is very famous for the trekking. Other hands, from this region one can go Ganesh himal trekking also and it is one of the major trekking destination in Nepal.
Trekking in Everest region / Khumbu region.
Trekking in Everest region is one of the major trekking destination in Nepal than other. Everyone want to see the Mt. Everest from the close and it most visiting trekking region in Nepal from the world. Mt Everest is one of the glory of Nepal and it is one of the highest place in the world so we human being are very curious to know about the altitude of Everest and weather, climates, people, Wild life, temperatures and landscapes. Every one want to summit or expedition the Mt. Everest but it is not easy to summit. Khumbu region or Everest region have many option for trekking, If the trekkers have long time span then they can choose three Everest high passes treks. Among them Chola pass, Kongma la pass and Renjo la pass are the major Everest high passes treks in this region. Probably the Everest region is most popular trekking in Nepal because of the glory of Mt. Everest and every year the number trekkers going to increase.
Normally treks start from the Namche bazaar and end too same place. Namche Bazar is a main gateway to go the Esverest region trekking. Unique climates, Sherpa people’s cultures, costume and traditions, wild vegetation and beautiful landscape are the major feather of this region. When the Admen Hillary and Tenzing Norge Sherpa had successful expedition in Mt Everest since then it is very popular trekking destination in the world. When they successes to summit the Mt Everest and other also want to see and explore the Everest region. Since then, day by day from all over the world they want to see the Everest from the close and they want to go trekking in Everest base camp. Because of the Sherpa people also Khumbu or Everest region is famous. Sagarmatha National park is another important part of this region.
Taking flight from the Kathmandu to Lukla airport and walking through the Phakding is first glance of this treks. Visitor can feel adventure the more they walk ahead. Choosing the Everest base camp treks, Khumbu regions and Everest is one of the best option in Nepal.
Trekking in Kanchenjunga region
Trekking in Kanchenjunga region is really adventures trekking routes in Nepal. It is one of the second highest mountain in Nepal and 3rd highest mountain in the world. Kanchenjunga 8586m from the sea level and the time zone of Nepal is measure from this mountain. It lies in Northern Konchenjunga and pang pema 5065m from the sea level is one of the highest pass during the treks. Following the Konchenjunga trekking the trekkeres have to choose the tea house base trekking or camp base trekking. Its long day walks but its really adventures trekking route in Nepal. Pang pema is the North base of the Konchenjunga trekking and it is one of the highest pass in this treks. In 1955, by Joe Brown and George band British expedition team had successful expedition in Kanchenjunga since then it is followed by other and now days its major expedition mountain in the world.
It lies in the boarder of Sikkim India and its climates, wildlife vegetation, beautiful landscape are the major attraction in this region. There are not only konchenjunga mountain there are other too among them Konchenjunga south, Konchenjunga north, Konchenjunga central and kangbachen 7903m are the major mountain in this region. The trekking route Konchenjunga is less crowd than other trekking region. Its beautiful landscape attract the trekkers to chose the Konchenjunga base camp treks.
Major National park of Nepal
Visiting national parks of Nepal is one of the golden chances to meet and see the natural resource, mines, wild life, flora and fauna, wild vegetation and climates from the close. Nepal itself it is a small country but it have more biodiversity in culture, climates, wildlife, and flora and fauna. Visiting Nepal and visiting 12 national parks of Nepal is gateway to see the wild animals and flora and fauna of Nepal and experience to see the different species wild animal, vegetation of Nepal. In the world there are thousands of wildlife and flora and fauna but in Nepal we have the specific and rare species of wild animals and flora and fauna can be found in Nepal which is not found in another parts in the world. There are 12 national parks in Nepal and there are other parks also which is enlisting in the national parks of Nepal.
Chitwan National Park
Chitwan national park is the first established national park of Nepal. It lies in the west from the Kathmandu city about 170km via Prithwi highway the main highway of Nepal connecting with the India boarder. It lies in the three district Chitwan, Makawanpur and Nawalparasi. It was established in 1973 and it has 952square km2 land spread and it is situated in the 200m high altitude from the sea level. Chitwan national park is very famous for the one horn rhinoceros and Bengal tigers. In this national parks one can visit the whole year and one can see the different species of wild animals. Among them one horn rhinos, sloth bear, common leopards, royal Bengal tigers, wild water buffalo, bison and 5 different species of deer, spoted deer, hog, barking, samber and swamp deer are very famous in this national park.
Jungle saphari is major activities during the visiting chitwan national park. Walking in the jungle and canoeing at the fresh Rapti river one of the most memorable and adventure activities. Different species of reptiles and about 650 species of birds can be seen in the Chitwan national parks. The whole year one can visit but the best time to visit the Chitwan national is after the September to December because of its cool climates.
Bardiya National Park
Bardiya national parks is one of the major national parks of Nepal. It was established in 1986 and it has spread in the 968km land and about the 80-150m from the sea levels. It lies in the Bardiya District west from the capital city of Nepal Katmandu. This is very famous for the wild elephant and Bengal tiger. In Bardiya national park one can see the biggest wild elephant all over the Asia. In chitwan national park we can see the elephant but in this national park we can see the bigger size than in the whole Asia. To see the elephant, tiger and one horn rhino one must visit the Bardiya national park. For the mammals one horn rhino, riyal Bengal tiger, common leopard, bison, wild elephant, bear, black buck, swamp and blue bull can be seen in this national parks Different species and about 400 species of bird found in this national parks. The name of Bardiya is transfer name after the home district of Bardiya district. About the history of Bardiya national park because of the national conflict or political ups and down in 1815, East India company were captured this region and it was the part of the East India company, later in 1860 it was frred from him because of India Independence movement. Before enlisted in national park of Nepal it was known as the Royal hunting reserve.
Sagarmatha National park
Sagarmatha national park is derived from the name of Mt.Everest as a Nepali name sagarmatha. Sagarmatha is a pride of Nepal and this national parks is one of the major national park of Nepal. It lies in Solukhumbu district and it was established in 1976 and in 1979 it was the first natural world heritage sites and it has been spread in 1148 square km area. It has been expanded from 2780m up to the 5300m high altitude from the sea level. During the scrolling around the Nepal then Sagarmatha national park can be the perfect place to see the mountain including Mt.Everest. In this national park one can see the different mammals like, Himalayan thar, musk deer, red panda, snow leaopard, wild yak, gray wolf, golden jackle and Himalayan black bear can be found. In the world there are about 9050 different species of birds can be found and in this national park one can see the 250 species of birds including Himalayan Monals, blood pheasant, Red-Billed chough, Tibetan snow cock and Alpine chough. It is the home of rare animals like, snow leopards, musk deer and Himalayan black buck.
This national park main head office is at Namchebazar and all the management activities is operating from here. This is a popular trekking destination in Nepal Everest region and Khumbu region. Trekking in Everest base camp is can be done during the visit the sagarmatha national park.
Langtang National Park
Langtang national park is major national park in Nepal which lies in the North from the Kathmandu city and it is second nearest national park from the capital city of Nepal Kathmandu. It was established in 1976 and it has been expansion in 1710 and it lies from 1500m to the 7234m from the sea level. Langtang is very famous for the trekking destination also. Through this national park one can go Langtang trek, tamang heritage treks, Helambu treks and Gosainkunda treks. So this is not only famous for the name of national park this is very famous for the trekking regions too. It lies in Rasuwa, Nuwakot and Sindhupalanchok districts. The sacred lake Gosainkunda is situated in this national park and every year the Hindu devotee and Buddhist devotee visit this lake and according to the legends this lake is directly associated with the Lord Shiva.
Found in Nepal only one of the rare species of the mammals Red panda can be found in this national park. Red panda, snow peopard, musk deer, Himalayan brown beer, common longur, clouded leopards, Ghorals, pangolin and wild boar can be found. About the 350 species of birds can be seen in this national park. It is famous because of its beautiful landscape and climates in the world.
Rara National Park
Rara national park is one of the smallest national park in Nepal but because of its natural beauty it is a most beautiful national park in Nepal. It lies in Mugu and Jumla district. It was established in the 1976 and it has been spread in 106 square km2 and it situating from the 1500m up to the 5000m from the sea level. From the development views it is a place which is not developed than other parks of Nepal because of its difficult land formation and far away from the capital city of Nepal Kathmandu. It has many natural resources and mines source which is main income source for the national income and it is very famous for the natural beauty Lake Rara where one can visit the whole year. To reach Rara national park one have to go via Nepalgunj or take flight from the Kathmandu to Nepalgunj in domestic airlines. One can choose the tourist bus or flight as per interest and budget. In this national park one can see the different species of mammals like pangolin, red panda, musk deer, common longur, leopard, gray wolf, snow leopard and about 300 species of birds can be seen in this national park. The whole year one can visit the Rara Lake but the best season is September to October and April to June is best time season because of its pleasant scenery. During this season different species of colorful forest flowers add the beauty of this lake. When we visit the Rara lake it is most exciting and paradise like a heaven. It has many possibilities for attract the tourist for trekking visiting in this region but unfortunately its far away from the capital city of Nepal and because of difficult land formation its getting back from other parts. The cultures, dress, foods, dresses, ornaments, tradition and costume are quite unique from other region.
Khaptad National Park
Khaptad national park is one of the major national park of Nepal which touches the 4 districts Doti, Bajura, Achham and Bajhang district.Its also far away from the capital city of Nepal. It was established in 1984 Ad and it has 225 square km and it has been located in the altitude from the 1500m to 5000m about. It is rich in tradition, culture and history and it lies in the far western region. The name Khaptad national park is derived from the one of the popular saint or holy man Khaptad baba. He used to stay in this area and used to meditate and searching for the enlighten and salvation. He was a great devotee of Lord Shiva so around the 1940 he moved from there since then this place is very famous in the Hindu devotee and still around the July to August there are thousands of Hindu devotee visit the Khaptad baba’s place for the pilgrimage purposes.
Leopards cat, musk deer, gray wolf, snow leopard, wild dog, Ghoral and blue ships are ver famous in this region and about 250 species of birds can be found in this national park. Not only this, it is very famous for the different species of flora and fauna, vegetation also. October to November and March to May is the best season for the visiting this national parks because of the suitable weather.
Makalu Barun National Park
Makalu Barun national park is situated in Sankhuwasabha and Solukhumbhu distict and it was established in 1991 with the area of 1500 square km. It has been expansion from 1500m to 5000m high altitude from the sea level. Different species of the flora fauna, vegetation, mammals and different ethnic group of the people’s cultures, tradition and history are the main attraction of this national park. Red panda, musk deer, leopard, clouded leopard, gray wolf and pangolins are the major mammals of this national park. Different species of butterflies and fishes can be seen around this national park. About 300 species of birds are available here.
Shivapuri Nagarjune National Park
Shivapuri Nagarjune national park is one of the nearest national park from the capital city of Nepal Kathmandu. It is lies in Kathmandu, Nuwakot, Sindhupalchok and Dhading district. It has 159km2 land area and it was established in 2001. Shivapuri Nagarguna national park is a main source of drinking water for the different part of the Kathmandu valley. When it was established it was famous with the Shivapuri National park later it merge with the Nagarjun forest area. In Kathmandu there are two holy rivers namely Bagmati river and Bishnumati river their origin points is this national park. This is surrounding by the 111km long wall from the every corner for the protecting this national park. Through this national park there is way to go popular trekking destination Langtang region. For the short hiking Sundarijal is one of the major place for the hiking route. There are another route also famous for the hiking like; Panimuhan to Shivapuri peak, Kakani to shivapuri, Jhule to Chisapani, Sundarijal to Chisapani are the very famous for a day hiking tour in Nepal.
While walking around the Shivapuri Nagarjun national Park one can see the different species of flora and fauna, vegetation, wild life, herbs, wild animals and different species of rhododendrons. In Nepali new-year, every year Buddhist and Hindu devotee visit the Shivapuri peak and there is a holy site for the Hindu and Buddhish pilgrimages. From the Shivapuri peak one can see the beautiful panaromic view of the Himalaya to the Northen and Eastern side. Walking and staying in the Shivapuri nagarju National is one of the memorable tour in Nepal.
Banke National Park
Banke national park is one of the youngest national park of Nepal it was established in 2010 which is expansion in the 550square km and it is situated in the Banke district. It is one of the neighboring national park of the Bardiya national park. This national park is located from the 80m to 120m from the sea level. This national park is very famous for the Striped Hyena and wild elephant. Along this in this area four horned antelope, pangolin, spotted deer, black buck can be seen in this area. For the birds watching it is perfect destination because 250 different species of birds can be seen in this national park. During the visiting Nepal it can be the perfect destination to see the different flora and fauna, wild animals which is found in the low land temperatures.
Suklaphanta National Park
Suklaphanta National park is one of the major national park of Nepal which was established in 1976 and it lies in the Kanchanpur district in far west of Nepal. From the sea level it has been broad from the 80m to 120m and it expansion 305 square km area. This national park is quite far from the capital city of Nepal Kathmandu. This national park is one of the open grassland along with beautiful forest in Nepal. It was established as a wildlife reserve now it is a part of the national park of Nepal. Because of the best weather to visit this national is from October to March is best season than other season. In this national park one can take part in the jungle drive, forest walk, elephant riding, nature walk, village walks and see the interesting cultural program of this area.
In this national park one can see the different species of wild animals like, one horn rhino, Royal Bengal tiger, wild elephant, black buck, swamp deer, leopard and pangolin are available and as well as 28 different species of fish and about 350 species of birds can be seen and it is very famous for the flora and fauna.
Parsa National Park
Parsa national park of Nepal is one of the major national park of Nepal and it was established in 1984 which located in the three district namely bara, Parsa and Chitwan districts. It has 627 area and it has been expansion from 200m from the sea level. Because of the lower landscape one can see the sal (sorea robusta) plants in this national park and different species of pines. It is home of about 37 species of mammals and 503 species of birds, different species of reptiles, fishes, wild elephant, bison, pangolin, spotted deer, samber deer, leopards and tigers.
Parsa national park is one of the best national park walking in the forest and to see the wild animals from the close. Because of its beautiful landscape it is one of the beautiful national park of Nepal. During the time of visiting Nepal visit the Parsa national park may the one of the best way to collecting the sweet memory in life.
Shey-Phoksundo National Park
Shey-Phoksundo National Park is one of the biggest and largest national park of Nepal which is expansion in the 3555 square km and it was established in 1984 and it is located in the Dolpa and Mugu district in the mid western Nepal. This is very famous for the lake Phoksundo lake which is located in the 3612 m from the sea level. This lake Phoksundo is the main feature and attraction of this national park. Every year from this national park and from this area large amount of Yarsa Gumba( a kinds of alpine Himalayan herbs) is collecting. This national park is proposed for the world heritage sites of Nepal because of its beautiful landscape and its attraction. Since the 11th century there are many monastery and valuable and interesting place. So because of the name of Shey one of the famous monastery in this area after this Shey monastery its name is Shey Phoksundo national park. This national park is home of the snow leopards, blue sheep, musk deer, wild god and Tibetan wolf and many different species of birds like Himalayan griffon, white breasted deeper and monal pheasant etc. Not only this, it is a suitable place for the 29 species of butterflies. Because of the highest elevation one can see the different species of flora and fauna in this national park. Because of this attraction Shey-phoksundo national park is major national park for the tour, hiking and trekking activities.
Cultures of Nepal
Culture of Nepal is a glory of Nepal where different ethnic groups of people have different kinds of traditions, traditional myths and beliefs, dresses and ornaments, music and dance, foods and life style, birth ceremony, marriage ceremony and death cremation system. In Nepal, there are 125 different ethnic group and 123 different spoken languages and they have own cultures which is hand over them from their ancestor. Since the long time ago they are following their tradition and costume. Culture and civilization are glory of the nation so in Nepal also it have many culture and civilization associated with the people. Different tribe have different kinds of traditional system in Nepal among them Magar tribes from the Nepal, They have own culture, traditional dance, music, ornaments, birth, death and marriage system and foods. Similarly Gurung, Tamang, Rai Limbu, people from the terai, Sherpa( people from the Himalaya regions) and Newar from the Kathmandu valley have own values and importance associated with them. Newar from the Kathmandu valley they have their own local cultures, dress, dance, ornaments and different festivals they are following since the medieval times.
The people Sherpa, normally they live in the high altitudes from the sea level or Himalayan belt. Because of the cold weather, they wear thick and warm clothes according to the climates, energy giving foods and they are following the Tibetan Buddhist cultures and they have their own traditional music and dance, food and dress and ornaments which are really unique from others. During the visit Nepal to see the culture of Nepal and experience to see the traditional and typical dance items which represent the respective tribes and their life style. In Nepal there are 125 different ethnic groups like Brahman, Kshetri, Newa, Magar, Gurung, Tamang, Jirel,Kusunda, Rai Limbu and Sherpa have their own cultures and dance. Dance from the different tribes which represent the cultures of Nepal.
Manjushree dance is specially perform by Buddhist priest in Kathmandu valley. According to the legengs Manjushree is a crator of Kathmandu valley who crated and who stated the civilization of Kathmandu vally many years ago. In Kathmandu valley was a huge lake in many years ago and then many sadhus, sanayasi and great people were visited that lake and many aquatic creatures were used to dwell in this lake and the sadhus and Sannyasi were used to bathed here for purity. Meanwhile, The Buddhist prist or Boddhisatvas Manjushree visited the lake and he thought to make drain and all the water could flow out from the lake and then valley would habitable. Since then according to his plan he made a dran to the Southern part at Chovar and all the water from the lake went out and then this valley became land for stay. This legends related to the sacred site Swambhunath stupa of Kathmandu valley. So many Hindus and Buddhist devotee worship him for education and wisdom. It is belief that if we worship him, as a result he gives wisdom, education and prosperity in life and family.
Sherpa (syab-ru dance) dance, Jhayaure dance,Ghatu dance, Kumari dance,Lakhe danceNewari or dhime dance , Jhangad dance, Tamang sello dance, Maruni dance, Kauda dance , Bajrayogini dance are the dances from the Nepal. Not only this there are other numerous dances like; jhankri dance, Bhairav kali dance( dance related to the God and Goddess), Sorathi dance, Bhojpuri dance, Jhinjiya dance, Salaijo dance, Royala dance, Garha (dance from the Arun valley Eastern Nepal), and Sakela dance from the Eastern part perform by the Rai and Limbu communities of Nepal. Which is related to the different communities and tribe is presenting during the national festival and some of the special occasion.
Foods of Nepal is part of the cultures of Nepal. According to the communities and region there are variation in food. Dal Bhat and curry (lentils rice and vegetables) are the main food of Nepal. There may depends upon the choice of the person and verities are different but the purpose to obtain the nutrition. In Himalayan region, the people eat the bread, beans, potatoes, meat and rice which gives the more energy or normally they eat those foods for avoiding the coldness. Similarly, people from the hilly region have rice, vegetables, lentils, different beans, meat and other food. People from the low land eat bread, fish, vegetables, lentils and other sweets items. Normally we human beings having food for the living in this earth but other hands it is presenting the way of culture to each other.
Thus, dance, food, dresses, ornaments, languages, traditional myths, traditional rules and regulation, traditional folk songs, and traditional music instruments are presenting the culture of Nepal in the world which is existing since the long time. Having the experience about this visiting Nepal is the perfect destination to explore it. To perceive the cultural part of the Nepal one can see the different national and local festivals of Nepal along with festivals from Kathmandu city.
Nepal after earthquake 2015
In the world there are 195 countries among them Nepal is a country with the 147181 square km area and about 30millon population which is located between the China and India. To the North there is Great republic of China and India to the south. According to the land formation in Nepal there is no sea to reach the seaside one have to go Kolkata about 1120 km. Nepal have 147181 square km total area and 7 province, 77 districts and it has been classified in to the 3 region as Himalaya, hilly and Terai region according to the new constitution of Nepal. There are 125 different ethnic groups and 123 different spoken languages. Multicultural, multi biodiversity, multi languages, country of temple and mountains or Himalayas are the common feather of Nepal.
According to the land structures and climates it has been classified into three region, Mountains, hilly and Terai or low land, where according to the weather, climates, the culture, foods, dresses, ornaments, languages traditional systems and conditions of development of the infrastructure are quite different to each other. Kathmandu is a capital city of Nepal, where about 5/6 millions people are living with different purposes like, studying, business, household, trading and for the employment many people are migrating from the another part of the Nepal and outside country from the world. By the change of time, somewhere already developed and some places getting develop. Still, there are few place in Nepal they are backward from the view of development or infrastructure. Nepal is a country, where from the 63m upto the 8848m high altitude from the sea level. According to the climates and temperature there are different species of flora and fauna, wild animals and vegetation are available in Nepal.
Nepal is a landlocked country with the China and India. In this world, everywhere there is not any safe place from the view of natural disaster which not control by human. Neither there is earthquake, deforestation, landslide or flood, lightening or Tsunami or any harmful diseases which are the natural disaster. Passing the time, In Nepal also there are many earthquake gone, small or biggest among them there are two major earthquake in Nepal, they are in 1934 and 2015 which affected the more place in Nepal. In 1934 there was big earthquake in Nepal, at that time many family members and some of the building are collapsed. By the time, different great persons and kings rebuilt those monuments now a days, those are became a part of the history of Nepal. Same in 2015 also there was big earthquake in Nepal. That one is the latest biggest earthquake in Nepal. Because of that, about 9000 people had been died and many buildings and domestic and wild animals had been died and some of the world heritages sites had been partially destroyed and among them some are survived.
Because of that earthquake some of the world heritages sites like, Changunarayan Temple, Swayambhunath Stupa, Bouddhanath stupa and some of the durbar square of Kathmanu, Bhaktapur and Patan were partially damaged .Due to the earthequake many tourist they did not want to see and visit Nepal about for 1or 2 years. Years passed, because of the changing of time, people forget the sadness of Earthquake situation and they are living without fear.
During the visit Nepal 2020, to see the Nepal before and after the earthquake is may the perfect tour plan in Nepal. Visitor can find the condition of monuments difference between before and after the Earthquake of Nepal from the close. Now the government of Nepal renovating the monuments which was affected by the earthquake and some of the monuments like Bouddhanath stupa, Changunarayan temple, and some of the durbar complex has been renovated. At Kathmandu durbar square complex Kasthamandap Temple, Trailokya Mohan temple, Laxmi Narayan Temple were destroyed and they are rebuilding new. At Patan durbar square there were some of the monuments were damage like: Charnarayan Temple, Kumbheswor temple and some of the Buddhist monuments were damaged but now it’s under construction. At Bhaktapur Durbar square complex Bhairava Nath temple, Batsala temple.