Everest area is famous and popular not only for its high mountains and beautiful scenery, but for its warm hospitality of local people the Highlanders of Himalaya the Sherpa people of Tibetan Buddhist origin with similar language, culture, religions and way of life.
Mt. Everest with few local names Chomolungma in Tibetan and Sherpa language, Nepali calls as Sagarmatha in both languages it means the same “The Great Mother” All of Everest area is protected by Sagarmatha National Park and listed as World Heritage which is one of the world’s highest sites.
LOCATION: Sagarmatha National Park is located to the Northeast of Kathmandu in the Khumbu region of Nepal. The park includes the highest peak in the world, Mt.Sagarmatha (Everest), and several other well-known peaks such as Lhotse, Nuptse, Cho Oyo, Pumori, Ama Dablam, Thermasarkhu, Kwangde, Khangtiaga and Gyachung Kang. The park was added to the list of World Heritage Sites in 1979.
FEATURES: The Mountains of Sagarmatha National Park are geologically young and broken up by deep gorges and glacial valleys. Vegetation includes pine and hemlock forests at lower altitudes, fir, juniper, birch and rhododendron woods, scrub and alpine plant communities, and bare rock and snow.
The famed bloom of rhododendrons occurs during spring (April and May) although other flora is mostly colorful during the monsoon season (June to August)
Wild animals most likely to be seen in the park are the Himalayan thar, ghoral, serow and musk deer. The snow leopard and Himalayan black bear are present but rarely sighted, other mammals rarely seen are the weasel, marten, Himalayan mouse hare (pika), and jackal and languor monkey.
The park is populated by approximately 3,000 of the famed Sherpa people whose lives are interwoven with the teaching of Buddhism. The main settlements are Namche Bazaar, Khumjung, Khunde, Thame, Thyangboche, Pangboche and Phortse.
The economy of the Khumbu Sherpa community has traditionally been heavily based on trade and livestock herding.
But with the coming of international mountaineering expeditions since 1950 and the influx of foreign trekkers, the Sherpa economy today is becoming increasingly dependent on tourism.